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Fatigue or Difficulty Sleeping in Pregnancy

by Guest
Posted July 7 2010 12:11pm
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Fatigue or difficulty sleeping during pregnancy is quite common for a number of reasons. Early on, your body is experiencing numerous system changes. These changes require a great deal of energy and can therefore affect normal sleeping patterns. As pregnancy continues, the growth and development of the baby puts more demands on you, thus causing fatigue.

By the end of pregnancy, there can be many things that keep you from getting a restful night's sleep. The physical size of your belly, heartburn, pressure on the bladder, which makes you have to pee, as well as the baby moving around are a few common reasons.

Fatigue is a sign that the body needs more rest. So how can you solve this problem? Know what can and can't be done in a day and take time out to rest. Eating smaller meals several times a day and trying a few relaxation activities (like a relaxation exercise or a warm bath) may also help you sleep better.

Find our more about Sleep and Pregnancy.  

 


If you're pregnant or thinking about having a baby, check out www.welcometoparenting.com. These interactive, online prenatal and parenting classes will provide information on pregnancy, labour and delivery, your relationship and a community of expectant and new parents just like you! Watch the overview video!

 

 

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Baby Walkers

by Guest
Posted August 4 2010 02:49pm

On April 7, 2004, Canada became the first country in the world to ban the sale, advertising and import of baby walkers. It is also illegal in Canada to sell baby walkers at garage sales, flea markets or on street corners.
 
Falls down stairs in baby walkers were the greatest cause of serious head injuries for Canadian children under the age of two. Furthermore, babies in walkers can move quickly, run into hidden dangers, bump into furniture or pull on hanging appliance cords and tip over. For these reasons baby walkers have been prohibited.

Health Canada and Parents 2 Parents recommend that if you have a baby walker, you destroy it. Throw it away so it cannot be used again. It is illegal.

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Herbs and Herbal Remedies in Pregnancy

by Guest
Posted August 4 2010 05:04pm
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Talk to your doctor before you take any herbals – the jury is still out on whether natural remedies are safe for pregnant woman. But there are some remedies pregnant women should avoid because of known side effects (such as allergic reactions or vomiting). They include:

  • aloes
  • black cohosh
  • burdock
  • calendula
  • castor
  • chaste tree
  • comfrey
  • feverfew
  • ginseng
  • golden seal
  • hops
  • dong quai
  • juniper
  • kava
  • licorice
  • lobelia
  • parsley
  • passion flower
  • pennyroyal
  • rosemary
  • rue
  • skullcap
  • tansy
  • valerian
  • uva-ursi
  • wild yam.

Note: parsley and rosemary in cooking are safe in small amounts.

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The Four Stages of Labour

by Maxine
Posted August 25 2010 02:31pm
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There are four stages of labour and here's where you'll find a step-by-step explanation of the labour experience.

STAGE 1:

  1. Starts with contractions or membranes rupturing
  2. Ends with cervix fully effaced (thinned) and dilated (open) Cervix must open to 10 cm to allow baby to pass out of uterus
  3. Longest stage 2 – 24 hours with an average of 12.5 hours (first time moms)

 

3 Phases: Early, Active & Transition:

 

Stage 1 – Early Phase

Frequency of contractions: every 5 – 20 minutes

Duration (length) of contractions: from 30 – 60 seconds

Dilation (opening) of Cervix: up to 3 cm.

  • You may not recognize that you are in labour in the early phase as contractions may feel like a backache that comes and goes with a pattern, menstrual-like cramps or aches in the groin that come and go with a pattern.
  • Typically, contractions are manageable in this early phase
  • Cervix can only be checked by hospital staff - your nurse, midwife or doctor - by inserting gloved fingers into your vagina and feeling the opening of the cervix.

Stage 1 – Active Phase

Frequency of contractions: every 3 – 5 minutes
Duration (length) of contractions: from 50 – 75 seconds
Dilation (opening) of Cervix: goes from 4 to 7 cm

  • Contractions become longer, stronger and you may find it harder to cope with them.
  • Membranes probably rupture some time during this phase
  • You are usually admitted to hospital/birthing centre during this phase 
  • Pain relief measures, such as narcotic medication, epidurals or nitrous oxide gas may be offered if mom needs once she is in hospital.
  • Lasts approximately 3 – 6 hrs

Stage 1 – Transition - The SHORTEST phase

Lasts 1 – 1 ½ hrs.

Frequency of contractions: every 1 ½ - 2 minutes

Duration of contractions: from 60 – 90 seconds with multiple peaks.

Dilation (opening) of Cervix: goes from 7 to 10 cm.

  • The shortest – and the toughest phase!
  • Often it feels like there is no break between contractions
  • You may be flushed, but have cold hands and feet
  • You may experience nausea and/or vomiting
  • You may lose your focus
  • You may do or say things that are out of character for you
  • You may not know what you want or what will help you

STAGE 2: DELIVERY of the BABY

Starts with full dilation (opening) of cervix

Ends with birth of baby

Lasts up to 2+ hrs.

3 phases: Early, Active & Perineal:

Early Phase - Latent or Resting Phase
From complete dilation to urge to push: about10 – 30 minutes

Frequency (how often) of contractions: every 2 – 5 minutes

Duration (length) of contractions: from 60 – 90 seconds.

  • There may be a lull in the strength of the contractions.
  • Baby’s station refers to the measurement of how far into the pelvis your baby has moved:  Negative numbers would mean that baby head has not entered the bony pelvis the area above your pelvic bone, while positive numbers mean baby’s head is moving past the pubic bone.  In the early phase the measurement is 0 - 2+ Baby must descent to 4 + before they are born.

Stage 2 – Active

From to urge to push to crowning: time variable 

Frequency (how often) of contractions: every 2 – 5 minutes

Duration (length) of contractions: from 60 – 90 seconds

Active pushing with each contraction

  • Strength of contractions resumes
  • With each push more of the baby’s head is visible at the opening of the birth canal. When the contraction is over, the baby slips back a bit until the next contraction pushes them further
  • Baby’s station is +2 to +4 (crowning)

Stage 2 – Perineal

From crowning to birth: about 5 – 15 minutes

Frequency (how often) of contractions: every 2 – 5 minutes

Duration (length) of contractions: from 60 – 90 seconds

Active pushing with each contraction

  • Your perineum bulges and the skin stretches as you push.
  • This causes a stinging or burning sensation – often called the ‘Rim of Fire’. This does not last long, seconds only.

STAGE 3: DELIVERY of the PLACENTA

Starts with birth of baby and ends with delivery of placenta.

After baby is born, the uterus contracts and the placenta begins to separate.You may need to push to help deliver the placenta.

Duration: from 10 – 20 minutes.

If there is a tear or episiotomy, it will be sutured (stitched) once the placenta is delivered.

  • Placing baby on your abdomen, skin-to-skin, helps your body to release oxytocin (a natural hormone), which causes the uterus to contract. This helps to minimize bleeding. The skin-to-skin contact also has benefits for baby as it helps to keep them warm and helps their vital signs (breathing, heart rate, and temperature) to stabilize after delivery.
  • You will receive an injection of medication to help your uterus contract and prevent possible post birth haemorrhage
  • The nurse or midwife may also massage your uterus to keep it firm and contracted.

STAGE 4: RECOVERY

From the end of Stage 3 to approximately 2 hours

  • Comfort and monitoring for you
  • The nurse will check your breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, temperature and bleeding from time to time
  • The nurse will clean your perineum, apply a sanitary pad and an ice pack to reduce swelling
  • You may need a clean gown and a warm blanket. You may want something to drink and eat – ask the staff before eating or drinking anything.
  • Relax 
  • Bond with your baby
  • Skin-to-skin contact with your baby encourages breastfeeding during this stage. 
  • This is a special time for all of you to be together as a family, for the first time.

Find out more about the benefits of keeping your baby with you with this informative video.

 


Video Alert!
Learn more about labour and delivery with these informative videos.
Everyday Miracles: A Celebration of Birth Healthy Birth Your Way - Intro to Safe & Healthy Birth Keep Your Baby With Your After Birth

 

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